Toward New Horizons (1870 – 1931)

Sherman Anti-Trust Act (July 2, 1890)
        The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 was the first measure passed by the U.S. Congress to prohibit trusts. It was named for Senator John Sherman of Ohio, who was a chairman of the Senate finance committee and the Secretary of the Treasury under President Hayes

(John Sherman (1823-1900) was the younger brother of the American Civil War general William Tecumseh Sherman.)

Wounded Knee Massacre: South Dakota, December 29, 1890
        “Indians are dancing in the snow and are wild and crazy… We need protection and we need it now. The leaders should be arrested and confined at some military post until the matter is quieted, and this should be done now..”

President Grover Cleveland ~ The Repeal of the Silver Act ~ August 8, 1893
       “This legislation is embodied in a statute passed on the 14th day of July, 1890, which was the culmination of much agitation on the subject involved, and which may be considered a truce, after a long struggle, between the advocates of free silver coinage and those intending to be more conservative.”

Mark Twain ~ Address at the City Club Dinner ~ January 4,1901
        “We hold the balance of power. Put up your best men for office, and we shall support the better one.”

William James ~ The Moral Equivalent of War (1906)
“The war against war is going to be no holiday excursion or camping party. The military feelings are too deeply grounded to abdicate their place among our ideals until better substitutes are offered than the glory and shame that come to nations as well as to individuals from the ups and downs of politics and the vicissitudes of trade..”

Emma Goldman ~ 1910
        “Patriotism – a menace to liberty”

Teddy Roosevelt’s on Robert E. Lee’s 100th Birthday Celebration, January 16, 1907
        “General Lee has left us the memory, not merely of his extraordinary skill as a general, his dauntless courage and high leadership in campaign and battle, but also of that serene greatness of soul characteristic of those who most readily recognize the obligations of civic duty.”

Mask of Dimitrios ~ the Establishment of the Federal Reserve Bank (December 23, 1913)
        “For money, some men will allow the innocent to hang. They will turn traitor… they will lie, cheat, steal and they will kill. They appear brilliant, charming and generous! But they are deadly! Such are men as Dimitrios.”

The Smoot-Hawley Tariff and the Great Depression (June 18, 1930)
        “From 1929 to 1933, America suffered the worst economic decline in its history. Real national income fell by 36 percent; unemployment increased from 3 percent to over 25 percent; more than 40 percent of all banks were permanently closed; and international investment and trade declined dramatically”