Category Archives: Extra Credit with Mr. Adair

“Where do we begin Mr. Adair?”

“At the beginning, ” he said. And throughout the year that I was under his tutelage – he would continue to challenge me to, “Never stop searching for truth.” In this endeavor, we provide – once again – the writings of many writers – many of whom I have known for years – providing historical lessons of import and understanding – little of which is addressed in our “classrooms” today.

For more on Mr. Adair and his importance – please visit our Welcome ~ Mission & Dedication link near the top of the Metropolis Café web-page.

Was the Fourteenth Amendment Constitutionally Adopted?

President Andrew Johnson

During and after the Civil War, Southerners repeatedly declared that the cause for which they fought was the “sublime moral principle” of states’ rights. Given such protestations, and given the history of southern resistance to federal authority throughout the antebellum period, it is easy enough to associate states’ rights exclusively with the South—but it is also mistaken. Connecticut and Massachusetts endorsed interposition in 1808; the Hartford Convention of 1814 did the same. In 1840 Vermont made it a crime to aid in the capture of a runaway slave, despite the federal fugitive slave act. In 1846 the Massachusetts House of Representatives declared the Mexican War unconstitutional; a decade later Wisconsin asserted the supremacy of its supreme court over the United States Supreme Court. Continue reading

Camp Douglas: Chicago’s forgotten Civil War prison camp

Publisher’s NOTE: For me, what you are about to read has been a fascinating journey – partially because I spent 12 or 13 years of my youth growing up in the ‘burbs about 25 miles north of the Chicago Loop. Even with the amazing teaching of Mr. Adair in the 5th grade, I was not aware of the history nor the monument dedicated to our Brothers from down South. Oh no, no – I am not speaking of the Brutha’s who have probably died in the 32nd Street and Cottage Grove area in modern times – I speak of the ancestors who fought the Second American Revolution. Oh – I guess some of you still call it the Civil War. Well children – no war was ever civil, so just hush yo’ mouth…

When I came across the first part of what lays before you, I was instantly drawn in – but it has sat in my folder for quite some time, but then the second part was placed at my feet just two nights ago – and that was it – it was time to edit and publish this amazing story – and yet – given the topic – it is disgusting as well, but it is our history.

So sit back and breath it in – keeping in mind that the first part of the journey is a bit jaded, due to the Nawth’n way of looking at things? – but the second part gets to the meat of reality. What REALLY went on in this 80 acres of pure Hell? – Oh – and by the way, in 1970 my wife (then fiance) and I went to a birthday party one night around 32nd and Cottage Grove – and we were the only White folks in the ‘hood.

I’ll see you at Sundown…

Prisoners of Camp Douglas

When Chris Rowland’s co-worker told him that Chicago was once home to a Civil War prison camp, he almost didn’t believe it. But a bit of Googling led Chris to a name, Camp Douglas, and a location, Chicago’s Bronzeville neighborhood. It also led him to the camp’s gloomy history, one that included dismal living conditions and a death toll that numbered in the thousands. Beyond that, though, Chris, a 36-year-old sales engineer at a South Side manufacturing company, found hardly any information about the camp. So he came to Curious City for help:

Why was there a prison camp in Chicago during the Civil War and why did so many people die there? What happened to it?
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The First 13th Amendment: Contradicting the Union Myth of a Holy Cause

In history Americans seem to prefer whitewashed myth to truth.

Ludwell H. Johnson used the words, the American Iliad, in the subtitle for his comprehensive book on the American “Civil War,” North Against South. The Iliad analogy is very appropriate for two reasons. First, the War was a traumatic, bloody, and nation changing event. The enormous casualties and destruction alone would sear its battles, personalities, and tales of heroism into American memory. Second, what most Americans know about the causes of the War is a pious myth. Continue reading

Spivey: Slavery in the World

I’ve been seeing a lot of internet posts and hearing a lot of talk about white people paying black people reparations for slavery, and how the “Rebel” flag is racist. First of all, I’ve never owned a slave, nor has any living relative of mine, nor has anyone I know or any member of their families. Second of all, you’ve never picked one single tuft of cotton, nor, probably, has any member of your family or anybody you know. So take those “reparations” and shove ‘em. Third, that flag stands for freedom, not racism nor slavery, and to treat it as such is to defame the characters of all the men who fought for Her, black and white alike. Continue reading

Who Was the Founding Father of the Fourth Amendment?

He sparked John Adams’s passion for independence.

February 5 marks the birth of the American who had the greatest hand in what became the 4th Amendment’s prohibition of unreasonable searches and seizures – James Otis. Unfortunately, “one of the most passionate and effective protectors of American rights” is too-little remembered today.

Otis’ efforts applied the celebrated English maxim, “Every man’s house is his castle” – or, as William Pitt said in Parliament in 1763, that “The poorest man may in his cottage bid defiance to all the force of the crown” – to the colonies, in resistance to Crown-created writs of assistance. They were broad search warrants enabling customs officials to enter any business or home without advance notice, probable cause, or reason, which Otis asserted were unconstitutional. Continue reading

History Must Be Accepted and Celebrated, not Destroyed

The General Lee statue at the heart of the Charlottesville riots. | Wikimedia Commons

At Hillsdale, the beginning of each semester is typically characterized by calculating the minimum amount of sleep required to function, stressing over the looming workload ahead, and raving over the prospect of reading Dante or Virgil with their favorite professors. But not for students at the University of North Carolina, who, on Aug. 20, seized their last night of freedom to help topple Silent Sam, a confederate statue erected on UNC’s Chapel Hill campus. Continue reading

Andrew Jackson and the Standing Army

Whatever historians might claim, Andrew Jackson feared and despised imperialism as the inevitable death of the republic. He cherished expansion as normal, but he considered imperialism a perversion of expansion and republicanism. To our modern ears, this might sound like a very fine distinction, but to Jackson and the frontier settlers of his day, the distinction proved immense. Equally important, Jackson harbored suspicions about the United States employing a standing army throughout the entirety of his adult life. When a choice must be made, he defended the right of militias against standing armies. Continue reading

The FINAL Straw: Setting the Record Straight

The Stamp Act, pamphlet, published in London, 1765. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)

When do you think the American Revolution began? Was it with the signing of the Declaration of Independence; was it with the opening skirmish at Lexington and Concord? I think it became inevitability the moment the Stamp Act was passed in 1765. This one small tax on printed goods was the first in a long train of events which culminated in the Colonies deciding they didn’t want to be governed by British rule anymore.

Therefore, if the Stamp Act was the opening act of the American Revolution, what would you say was the opening act of the so-called Civil War? I may be alone in thinking this, but I think that the implementation of the plan for a government, as outlined by the Constitution, was the first of many events that eventually led to the South seeking its independence from the system of government they had helped bring to life just 70 some odd years earlier. I’ll get to that in more detail in a moment, but for the time being I’d like to discuss another issue that is of concern to me. Continue reading

“What does that flag mean to you?”

I had the privilege of attending a flagging event yesterday (9/2/18) at Silent Sam’s pedestal on the UNC-CH campus with some folks from out-of-state. Most of them, I believe, were from South Carolina, and at least one was from Georgia; good folks, all of them, and I enjoyed being there. We could have used more North Carolinians, and in a way, the lack of fellow North Carolinians inspired this article. Things went smoothly for the most part. There were a few snide remarks mumbled by passers-by, but that was as out-of-hand as it got.

I did get the chance to talk to, and try to educate, a few people who stopped to ask questions. Continue reading

Trusting the Untrustworthy

Sir Alexander Fraser Tytler (1747-1813), a Scottish jurist and historian, provides an explanation for why great societies do not survive for more than 200 years:

“A democracy cannot exist as a permanent form of government. It can only exist until the voters discover that they can vote themselves largess from the public treasury. From that time on the majority always votes for the candidates promising the most benefits from the public treasury, with the results that a democracy always collapses over loose fiscal policy, always followed by a dictatorship (bondage).”

Our forefathers founded the United States of America as a republic and not a democracy to avoid this existential threat. So, what happened? Continue reading

Gordon: Is Secession a Right?

Grant defeated Lee, the Confederacy crumbled, and the idea of secession disappeared forever, or at least that’s what the conventional wisdom says. Secession is no historical irrelevance. Quite the contrary, the topic is integral to classical liberalism. Indeed, the right of secession follows at once from the basic rights defended by classical liberalism. As even Macaulay’s schoolboy knows, classical liberalism begins with the principle of self-ownership: each person is the rightful owner of his or her own body.

Together with this right, according to classical liberals from Locke to Rothbard, goes the right to appropriate unowned property. In this view, government occupies a strictly ancillary role. It exists to protect the rights that individuals possess independently — it is not the source of these rights.  Continue reading

U.S. Civil War: The US-Russian Alliance that Saved the Union

~ Foreward ~
Since the election of 2016, and the (s)election of Donald Trump as President of the United States, there has been a constant barrage of accusations regarding Russian involvement in the intervention of said election. That which you are about to read would more than indicate involvement by the Russians in a previous age of American history. ~ Ed

At the point of maximum war danger between Great Britain and the United States, the London satirical publication Punch published a vicious caricature of US President Abraham Lincoln and Russian Tsar Alexander II, demonizing the two friends as bloody oppressors. – From Punch, October 24, 1863.

April 2011 marked the 150th anniversary of the U.S. Civil War, which began when Confederate forces opened fire upon Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The following essay by Webster Tarpley, tells about the largely untold alliance between President Abraham Lincoln and Russian Tsar Alexander II, which by many accounts was key to the North winning the U.S. Civil War, sealing the defeat of the British strategic design.~ Ed.
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Spivey: America’s Most Beloved White Supremacist

Some of you may get angry at me for what I am about to say. Some of you may feel insulted. I don’t care; if I did, I wouldn’t say it. If you have either reaction and decide, because of your reaction, not to finish reading this article, understand that you will only be proving what I say to be true.

Those of you who participate in, or support, the “removal” of Confederate Monuments because you believe them to be monuments to “white supremacists” are ignorant, uneducated, indoctrinated fools. Now, you can prove me right, and remain ignorant, uneducated, indoctrinated fools, or you can finish reading this article and possibly break free of those chains. By all means, feel free to check my facts, you might learn something. Continue reading

Smith: Purging History ~ Assaulting Our American Heritage

June 11, 2017 ~ Monuments honoring heroes of the Confederate States of America, American heroes in fact, are being removed from the public square, due to a successful presentation of oversimplified arguments and lies by the same progressive Leftist Democratic apparatus that seeks to fundamentally transform America. These assaults on the Southern heritage by politically correct propagandists and arrogant activist ideologues are assaults on our American culture and heritage, or “AmeriKKKa” as the Left calls America; and, it is nothing short of a cultural cleansing campaign, a purging of the truth and history and a national disgrace. (Source)

In 2015, the Atlanta chapter of the NAACP called for the destruction of the Stone Mountain Confederate Monument, that honors Jefferson Davis, General Robert E. Lee and General Stonewall Jackson. They wanted the nearly 2000 square feet and 12 feet deep carving “sandblasted away”. Continue reading

Frederic Bastiat (1801-1850) ~ Between the French and Marginalist Revolutions

CLAUDE FREDERIC BASTIAT was a French economist, legislator, and writer who championed private property, free markets, and limited government. Perhaps the main underlying theme of Bastiat’s writings was that the free market was inherently a source of “economic harmony” among individuals, as long as government was restricted to the function of protecting the lives, liberties, and property of citizens from theft or aggression. To Bastiat, governmental coercion was only legitimate if it served “to guarantee security of person, liberty, and property rights, to cause justice to reign over all.”

Bastiat emphasized the plan-coordination function of the free market, a major theme of the Austrian School, because his thinking was influenced by some of Adam Smith’s writings and by the great French free-market economists Jean-Baptiste Say, Francois Quesnay, Destutt de Tracy, Charles Comte, Richard Cantillon (who was born in Ireland and emigrated to France), and Anne Robert Jacques Turgot. These French economists were among the precursors to the modern Austrian School, having first developed such concepts as the market as a dynamic, rivalrous process, the free-market evolution of money, subjective value theory, the laws of diminishing marginal utility and marginal returns, the marginal productivity theory of resource pricing, and the futility of price controls in particular and of the government’s economic interventionism in general. Continue reading

The ‘Confederate Flag

I am the Confederate Battle Flag. My design is based upon the Saint Andrew’s Cross of Scotland. Some prefer to call me the “Rebel Flag”. Either name I will wear with honor. There is certainly no shame in being called Confederate, as the people who bore that same honorable title are remembered for their bravery on the field of battle, a Southern culture built upon hard work, and faith in God. As for the name “Rebel”, it was the Revolutionary War soldier and outstanding pamphleteer, Thomas Paine, in his series “The American Crisis“, said: “Let them call me Rebel and welcome — I feel no concern from it“. Because you see, it was George Washington and his Colonial Army who were the original Rebels. My boys in gray were the second to wear the name. Continue reading